新东方网>留学>SAT考试>SAT辅导>SAT语法>正文

SAT备考之语法练习题(九)

2016-03-31 17:23

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  新东方网SAT频道为大家带来SAT备考之语法练习题(九),希望对大家SAT备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方网SAT频道!


  11. Based on accounts of various ancient writers, scholars have painted a sketchy picture of the activities of an

  all-female cult that, perhaps as early as the sixth century B.C., worshipped a goddess known in Latin as

  Bona Dea, "the good goddess."

  (A) Based on accounts of various ancient writers

  (B) Basing it on various ancient writers' accounts

  (C) With accounts of various ancient writers used for a basis

  (D) By the accounts of various ancient writers they used

  (E) Using accounts of various ancient writers

  12. Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way

  108

  as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

  (A) Formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same

  way as they do to established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium.

  (B) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to

  equity do not apply to new small businesses in the same way as they do to established big businesses.

  (C) Because they are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, new small businesses are not subject to the

  same applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt to equity as established big

  businesses.

  (D) Because new small businesses are growing and are seldom in equilibrium, formulas for cash flow and

  the ratio of debt to equity do not apply to them in the same way as to established big businesses.

  (E) New small businesses are not subject to the applicability of formulas for cash flow and the ratio of debt

  to equity in the same way as established big businesses, because they are growing and are seldom in

  equilibrium.

  13. State officials report that soaring rates of liability insurance have risen to force cutbacks in the operations

  of everything from local governments and school districts to day-care centers and recreational facilities.

  (A) rates of liability insurance have risen to force

  (B) rates of liability insurance are a force for

  (C) rates for liability insurance are forcing

  (D) rises in liability insurance rates are forcing

  (E) liability insurance rates have risen to force

  14. Paleontologists believe that fragments of a primate jawbone unearthed in Burma and estimated at 40 to

  44 million years old provide evidence of a crucial step along the evolutionary path that led to human

  beings.

  (A) at 40 to 44 million years old provide evidence of

  (B) as being 40 to 44 million years old provides evidence of

  (C) that it is 40 to 44 million years old provides evidence of what was

  (D) to be 40 to 44 million years old provide evidence of

  (E) as 40 to 44 million years old provides evidence of what was

  15. In his research paper, Dr. Frosh, medical director of the Payne Whitney Clinic, distinguishes mood swings.

  which may be violent without their being grounded in mental disease, from genuine manic-depressive

  psychosis.

  (A) mood swings, which may be violent without their being grounded in mental disease, from genuine manic-depressive psychosis

  (B) mood swings, perhaps violent without being grounded in mental disease, and genuine manic-depressive psychosis ,

  (C) between mood swings, which may be violent without being grounded in mental disease, and genuine manic-depressive psychosis

  (D) between mood swings, perhaps violent without being grounded in mental disease, from genuine manic-depressive psychosis

  (E) genuine manic-depressive psychosis and mood swings, which may be violent without being grounded in mental disease

  16. Unlike a typical automobile loan, which requires a fifteen- to twenty-percent down payment, the lease-loan 109 buyer is not required to make an initial deposit on the new vehicle.

  (A) the lease-loan buyer is not required to make

  (B) with lease-loan buying there is no requirement of

  (C) lease-loan buyers are not required to make

  (D) for the lease-loan buyer there is no requirement of

  (E) a lease-loan does not require the buyer to make

  17. Native American burial sites dating back 5,000 years indicate that the residents of Maine at that time were

  part of a widespread culture of Algonquian-speaking people.

  (A) were part of a widespread culture of Algonquian-speaking people

  (B) had been part of a widespread culture of people who were Algonquian-speaking

  (C) were people who were part of a widespread culture that was Algonquian-speaking

  (D) had been people who were part of a widespread culture that was Algonquian-speaking

  (E) were a people which had been part of a widespread, Algonquian-speaking culture

  18. Each of Hemingway's wives--Hadley Richardson. Pauline Pfeiffer. Martha Gelhom. and Mary Welsh --were

  strong and interesting women, very different from the often pallid women who populate his novels.

  (A) Each of Hemingway's wives--Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhom, and Mary

  Welsh--were strong and interesting women,

  (B) Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh--each of them Hemingway's

  wives--were strong and, interesting women,

  (C) Hemingway's wives--Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhom, and Mary Welsh--were all

  strong and interesting women,

  (D) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhom, and Mary

  Welsh--each a wife of Hemingway, was

  (E) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhom, and Mary

  Welsh--every one of Hemingway's wives were

  19. In addition to having more protein -than wheat does, the protein in rice is higher quality than that in wheat,

  with more of the amino acids essential to the human diet.

  (A) the protein in rice is higher quality than that in

  (B) rice has protein of higher quality than that in

  (C) the protein in rice is higher in quality than it is in

  (D) rice protein is higher in quality than it is in

  (E) rice has a protein higher in quality than

  20. An array of tax incentives has led to a boom in the construction of new office buildings; so abundant has

  capital been for commercial real estate that investors regularly scour the country for areas in which to build.

  (A) so abundant has capital been for commercial real estate that

  (B) capital has been so abundant for commercial real estate, so that

  (C) the abundance of capital for commercial real estate has been such,

  (D) such has the abundance of capital been for commercial real estate that

  (E) such has been an abundance of capital for commercial real estate,

  Answer to Question 11

  In choice A, the introductory clause beginning Based on modifies scholars, the noun that immediately follows it:

  in other words, A says that scholars were based on the accounts of various ancient writers. Choice B is

  awkward and imprecise in that the referent for the pronoun it is not immediately clear. C and D are also wordy

  and awkward, and in D By the accounts... they used is an unidiomatic and roundabout way of saying that

  scholars used me accounts. E, the best choice, is clear and concise; it correctly uses a present participle (or

  "-ing" verb) to introduce the modifier describing how the scholars worked.

  Answer to Question 12

  In A, the they after because is ambiguous; it seems illogically to refer to Formulas because they and Formulas

  158

  are each the grammatical subject of a clause and because the previous they refers to Formulas. In A and B, do

  not apply to... in the same way as they do to is wordy and awkward. D, the best choice, says more concisely

  in the same way as to. Also in B, because they refers to formulas, the introductory clause states confusedly

  that the formulas are growing. In C and E, subject to the [same] applicability of... is wordy, awkward, and

  imprecise; furthermore, are is preferable either before or after established big businesses to complete the

  comparison. Finally, the referent of they is not immediately clear in E.

  Answer to Question 13

  In choices A and B, rates of is incorrect; when rates means "prices charged," it should be followed by for. Also

  in B, are a force for does not accurately convey the meaning that the soaring rates are actually forcing cutbacks

  in the present. In A and E, it is redundant to say that soaring rates have risen. Similarly, the word rises makes D

  redundant. C, the best choice, is idiomatic and concise, and it correctly uses the progressive verb form are

  forcing to indicate an ongoing situation.

  Answer to Question 14

  D, the best choice, correctly follows estimated with to be. The other choices present structures that are not

  idiomatic when used in conjunction with estimated. Choices B, C, and E all mismatch the singular verb

  provides with its plural subject, fragments, and in choices C and E, what was is unnecessary and wordy. In

  choice C, the use of the verb phrase estimated that it is produces an ungrammatical sentence.

  Answer to Question 15

  The best choice is C because it uses the idiomatically correct expression distinguishes between x and y and

  because it provides a structure in which the relative clause beginning which may be violent clearly modifies

  mood swings. The other choices use distinguishes in unidiomatic constructions. Additionally, their in A is

  intrusive and unnecessary, and the modifier of mood swings in B and D (perhaps violent) is awkward and less

  clear than the more developed clause which may be violent.

  Answer to Question 16

  Choice E, the best answer, correctly uses a parallel construction to draw a logical comparison: Unlike a typical

  automobile loan,... a lease-loan.... Choice A illogically compares an automobile loan, an inanimate thing, with

  a lease-loan buyer, a person. In choice C, buyers makes the comparison inconsistent in number as well as

  illogical. Choices B and D are syntactically and logically flawed because each attempts to compare the noun

  loan and a prepositional phrase: with lease-loan buying in B and/or the lease-loan buyer in D. Choices B and

  D are also imprecise and awkward. Finally, choice E is the only option that supplies an active verb form, does

  not require, to parallel requires.

  Answer to Question 17

  Choice A is best because it correctly uses the simple past tense, the residents... at that time were, and

  because it is the most concise. In B and D, the replacement of were with the past perfect had been needlessly

  changes the original meaning by suggesting that the Native Americans had previously ceased to be part of the

  widespread culture. All of the choices but A are wordy, and in C, D, and E the word people redundantly

  describes the residents rather than the larger group to which the residents belonged. These choices are also

  imprecise because they state that the culture, rather than people, spoke the Algonquian language. Choice E

  displays inconsistent tenses and an error of pronoun reference, people which.

  Answer to Question 18

  Each choice but C contains errors of agreement. In both A and E, the singular subject (each in A, every one in E)

  does not agree with the plural verb were, while in D, the plural subject women is mismatched with the singular

  verb was. In B, the subject and verb agree, but the descriptive phrase placed between them creates an illogical

  statement because each cannot be wives; each can be one of the wives, or a wife. The pronoun constructions

  in A, B, D, and E are wordy; also, B, D, and E are very awkwardly structured and do not convey the point about

  Hemingway's wives clearly. Choice C correctly links wives with were, eliminates the unnecessary pronouns,

  and provides a clearer structure.

  Answer to Question 19

  In this sentence, the initial clause modifies the nearest noun, identifying it as the thing being compared with

  wheat. By making protein the noun modified, choices A, C, and D illogically compare wheat with protein and

  claim that the protein in rice has more protein than wheat does. In C and D, the comparative structure higher in

  quality than it is in wheat absurdly suggests that rice protein contains wheat. B, the best choice, logically

  compares wheat to rice by placing the noun rice immediately after the initial clause. B also uses that to refer to

  protein in making the comparison between the proteins of rice and wheat. Choice E needs either that in or

  does after wheat to make a complete and logical comparison.

  Answer to Question 20

  Choice A is best. The construction so abundant has capital been... that correctly and clearly expresses the

  relationship between the abundance and the investors' response. In choice B, the repetition of so is illogical and

  unidiomatic. Choices C, D, and E alter somewhat the intended meaning of the sentence; because of its position

  in these statements, such functions to mean "of a kind" rather than to intensify abundant. Choice D awkwardly

  separates has and been, and the omission of that from C and E makes those choices ungrammatical.

  相关推荐:

  2016年新SAT美国首考解析汇总

  SAT考试2015年终盘点及2016备考规划

  SAT最新考试时间

  SAT考前30天备考计划

  2015新东方留学考试全民测之SAT-ACT

  最新美国大学排名

(编辑:马菲)

新东方网托福官方微信:新东方托福 (微信号:xdftoefl

最新考试资讯、托福预测、托福解析,请扫一扫二维码,关注我们的官方微信! 

新东方SAT辅导专区

班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

焦点推荐

精品直播

版权及免责声明

凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

SAT全科辅导